Paulina D. Rakowska is a Higher Research Scientist in the National Centre of Excellence in Mass Spectrometry Imaging (NiCE-MSI) at the UK’s National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Paulina studied biotechnological processes at the Wroclaw University of Technology in Poland, where she graduated with an MSc in 2004. In 2014, she obtained a PhD in chemical biology from University College London, UK, for her research entitled: 'Designer peptide markers towards multifunctional nanoprobes for cellular targeting at the nanoscale'. Paulina joined NPL in 2006, firstly, to work in the Biotechnology Group, where she led a number of projects concerned with the detection and quantitation of small and low abundance molecules in complex matrices. Since 2013 she has been working in the NiCE-MSI, where she is leading the area of antimicrobial resistance imaging. She is the coordinator of the MetVBadBugs project, a large, international consortium funded by the EMPIR programme of the EU’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme. Her research is interdisciplinary at the interface between physics, biology and chemistry and is focused on the development and application of mass spectrometry and mass spectrometry imaging to complex measurement problems. She authored and co-authored over 20 scientific papers. In 2014, she received NPL's Rayleigh Award for her publication: 'Nanoscale imaging reveals laterally expanding antimicrobial pores in lipid bilayers'. She is a member of the British Mass Spectrometry Society, British Standards Institute (committee CII/060 Surface chemical analysis) and a member of American Vacuum Society in the USA.